Bible Quotes Science Info
The human evolution timeline is found
recorded in Bible verses. Adam's rib symbolizes the chromosome and is the key to the man-ape evolution. In discussing
evolution vs. creationism, we find many convergences like
who holds to the theory of evolution and denies creationism might
ask why such an important matter as the creation of human beings
would be in a symbolic message rather than in explicit language. After all, don't the Holy Scriptures talk about chromosomes? That
is a valid question, which we shall pursue below. First off, my own
interest is to see the points of confluence between evolution and
creationism regarding the appearance of the human being. We will go
straight to the issue and leave the discussions for later on.
Parallelism between Adam's rib and science - There is an amazing coincidence between the numbers in the
Bible involving creationism and numbers in science regarding man's
evolution from the ape. Let us dwell on the Bible verses
according to which God took out one of Adam's ribs and made the
woman, Eve, with it.
"And the Lord God caused a deep sleep
to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and
closed up the flesh in its place. Then the rib which the Lord God
had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to the
us start by analyzing the number of ribs. Men have 24 ribs—12 on each thoracic side. The same number is found in women. The
text says that God removed one rib and not one pair of ribs. Had He indeed removed only one rib, man would have different numbers
of this bone on each side of his chest. Not only that, but there would
also remain a doubt about the number of ribs in a female.
contradictions disappear if the text is examined from the standpoint of
information conveyed by Jesus Christ to His disciples: "To God nothing
is impossible." God may have removed one of Adam's ribs but He did it
in such a way that the woman and all her descendants would have the same
number of ribs. However, we will assume that the rib's removal is symbolic
language, and then I will explain why it cannot be regarded
as direct language.
Let us look at it now from the standpoint
of science. The chimpanzee, from which science now
admits that man has evolved, has 24 chromosomes in its
sexual cells, i. e., 24 chromosomes in each spermatozoon
and 24 chromosomes in each ovulum. I am referring to gametes,
those sex cells capable of reproducing the species. Therefore,
the number of ribs in a man and of chromosomes in a chimpanzee
are identical. The other cells in a chimp, as in a human,
are diployd, that is, they have the chromosomes in pairs—therefore, they have 48 chromosomes.
Confluence of Bible Quotes and
Human Evolution Time Line - Were we to admit that
the rib symbolizes the chromosome, the implicit and
explicit Bible numbers say that God removed a chromosome
from a chimpanzee and made a woman out of it. In other
words, the "man," a chimp, lost a chromosome and
thus a woman was formed.
the woman, just like the man, has one chromosome less than a chimp
in the sex cells. The human spermatozoon has 23 chromosomes and the human ovulum also has 23 chromosomes. It makes sense,
does it not ? The other cells in the human being are diployd, i. e.,
they have 46 chromosomes. But inasmuch as we are talking about creationism
versus evolution in a friendly fashion, we should see what science
says regarding the man-ape evolution, that is, man's evolution from
evolution from the ape - It is admitted that, in the evolution
of the species, through some unknown phenomenon, two chimp chromosomes
were fused, and thus, primitive man, a hominid, came about. Some
theories claim that the female came first, which, if true, would give
further consistency to the symbolic version of Adam and Eve's story.
a nutshell, this is what we have:
*Number of ribs in the human being: 24
*Number of chromosomes in the chimp's gametes: 24
*Creation: removal of one rib.
*Evolution: fusion of two chromosomes.
*Rib symbolizes chromosome.
*Removal of one rib = fusion of two chromosomes.
*Number of chromosomes resulting in the gametes: 23 - New
species: man, hominid, possibly represented by the female.
wandering too far from these basic issues, it should be asked why
there are so many differences between human and chimp, given the "simple" fusion of two chromosomes. Furthermore, those in favor of creationism
would argue that, since the similarity between a chimp's DNA and that
of a human being is above 98%, humans and chimpanzees ought to
be more alike. These are pertinent questions that must be carefully
with the numbers: The difference between human and chimp DNA is less than
2%. For three reasons, this percentage can be very meaningful:
*We are just barely beginning to understand the human genome, that is, the DNA map, that of the genes and each one's role. On the
other hand, we know little about the chimp genome. Thus, it
is perfectly acceptable that this percentage, though small, means
much in terms of anatomical and physiological differences between
*The differences may be situated in fundamental parts of the DNA, enough to cause the differences between the species.
*The amount of DNA in the cells is not always proportional to their
complexity. Therefore, the arrangement of DNA components in humans
may be more important than the quantity.
the slightly less than 2% difference between chimps and humans may
become more meaningful. The "simple" fusion of one species' two chromosomes
may cause many differences in the resulting species.
is the Bible not explicit? - In other words, why, as the issue
was raised in the beginning of this article, does the biblical message
not speak directly about chromosomes? At least two answers are possible.
first has to do with Christian and Jewish dogma: this is a sacred
text, dictated or inspired by God, and there is no questioning
how God speaks.
The second has to do with the biblical writers:
they would be human beings possessing a deep knowledge of evolution
timeline and humans nature. They knew that it would not be possible
to write what men would not understand at that time (existence of
chromosomes, genes, DNA). They further knew that, in a patriarchal
society such as the one they lived in, women should remain in a
secondary role, in the written version, to make the acceptance of
God's word easier.
faithful cling to the first answer, the dogma.
those who are not faithful may properly ask how those writers,
barely out of a semi-nomadic life, could possess such knowledge about
the evolution of the species.
as literature without any preconceived position, the Bible is a singular
book, and its writers differed from common mortals. However, as intelligent
as they might have been, there was no way they could have held such
knowledge. Thus the answer is that this is a mystery.
In the fascinating study of biblical numbers involving
Creationism vs. Evolutionism, there are other convergent points.
Example: part of the sacred text reproduced at the beginning of
this article and science's version of the differences in man/ape.
The biblical expression "closed up the flesh in its place"
conveys a special meaning and suggests more parallelisms between
religion and science. We could read it as "closed up
the frontal lobe in its place."
Subsequent procreation - The appearance
of the human being raises the issue of procreation. In the history
of creation, this problem does not exist: once created, Adam and
Eve started to reproduce. However, in evolution, ONE individual,
from the fusion of the two chromosomes, would not give origin
to the human species.
illustrate, let us say that the fusion of the two chromosomes took
place in a female, resulting in 23 chromosomes in the gametes, living
with males bearing 24 chromosomes in the gametes. Procreation would
be impossible. Even if they copulated, no ovulum would be formed
due to the lack of symmetry in the DNA. How, then, would the
human being have procreated in evolution?
likely the phenomenon—physical, chemical or physical-chemical—had
by then reached several individual chimps, causing chromosome fusion in
many of them, both males and females. In the history of evolution,
there is still another peculiarity: the bonobos have more elements
than the chimpanzees, making them more likely to be man's ancestors.
for the chimpanzees over the bonobos - In the evolutionary scale,
science shows preference for the chimpanzees over the bonobos, even though
the latter are more similar to human beings. Let us see:
*The similarity percentage between bonobos' DNA and humans' is greater than that of chimpanzees.
*Their genitals are more protruding and face forward, as with humans.
*Except for humans, they are the only primates who copulate from the
*They engage in homosexual and heterosexual relations.
*Upon reaching adolescence, the females abandon their
group and join another one. In their new group they submit themselves
to the female—including sexually—and then copulate with the males.
*The females keep together in groups and the male respects
them because, together, they will fight him for food.
*They stand on two legs more frequently than chimps do and their laughter
is more expressive. They are also more cordial in the group.
all this, it is believed that man has evolved from chimps, due to
the fact that they are found in many African regions, in wide-open
areas, which would have favored their territorial dispersion. Bonobos,
on the other hand, live in closed-in woods in some regions in Africa.
However, from the genetic, anatomic, emotional, and behavioral standpoints,
more likely the human species has come from the bonobos. Perhaps,
after their community was hard-hit by a cataclysm, they took refuge
in closed-in woods.
ancestor: neither chimpanzee nor bonobos - Another theory admits that
chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, orangutans, and gibbons all belong to the
primate family known as Pongid, just like the Hominid family,
whose sole representative is man, all belonging to the Hominoids super family and would have come from individuals known as Old World
my speculations, some violent environmental change hit Africa and Asia, altering the genetic structure of many Old World
Monkeys (Cercopitecoids) sometime between six million and twenty-five
million years ago. Different Pongids came into being.
would not different hominids have appeared? Present day human
must have featured differences among individuals from the very beginning.
For instance, there must have appeared at the same time individuals
with white skin and with black skin in Africa and in Asia. Weather
conditions and the fight for survival would have made it easier for white-skinned
individuals to disappear from Africa and for black-skinned individuals
to disappear from ice-cold regions. The recent change in genetic make-up
made individuals physically fragile.
theory of a common trunk for all Hominoids does not change the parallel
with Adam's rib. The whole Hominoid super family would have come from
individuals with 24 chromosomes in the gametes. One family (Pongid)
continued with 24 chromosomes in the gametes while another (Hominid) appeared
with 23 chromosomes.
E-mail this page
Please read the "Remainder Pages" in Disclaimer before e-mail or print this page.
| A friendly debate about the Bible and science